Glossary

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VACUUM DEGASSING

(See Degassing Process)

VANADIUM

(Chemical Symbol V) – Element No. 23 of the periodic system; atomic weight 50.95. Gray-white, hard metal, unaffected by atmospheric influences or alkalies but soluble in most strong acids; melting point 31190°F.; boiling point about 61500°F.; specific gravity 5.87. It cannot be electrodeposited. Its principal functions as an alloy in the making of tool steels. (1) Elevates coarsening temperature of austenite ( promotes fine grain). (2) Increases hardenability (when dissolved). (3) Resists tempering and causes marked secondary hardening.

VIBRATED WOUND

(See Oscillated Wound Coils)

VIBRATOR REED STEEL

Hardened, temper and white polished extra precision rolled. Carbon content about 1.00%. Steel must withstand great fatigue stresses.

VICKERS HARDNESS (TEST)

Standard method for measuring the hardness of metals, particularly those with extremely hard surfaces: the surface is subjected to a standard pressure for a standard length of time by means of a pyramid-shaped diamond. The diagonal of the resulting indention is measured under a microscope and the Vickers Hardness value read from a conversion table.

VIRGIN METAL

Metal obtained directly from ore and not used before.